The Ghosi name is said to be derived from the Sanskrit word Ghush, meaning to shout, the word Ghosha meaning one who shouts as herds their cattle. Ghosi are under OBC category and follow Islam. Crook (1896) in his book Tribes, castes of the North –Western India indicate that Ghosi community is indigenous in nature and has converted from the Hindu Ahir. The details of Ghosi community in literature for the first time was written by crook in his book “tribes and castes of the north-western India.” Another literature is available in the book written by Russell in his book “book tribes and caste of the central province of India” about culture of Ghosi community, custom, occupation. Russell in his book writes that this community was found in the central provinces in Saugor and other Districts of the Jubbulpore, Mandla and Nerbudda Divisions. In 1911 they numbered 10,000 persons in this Province out of strength of about 60,000 in India. In his book he has written that Ghosi had converted to follow Muhammadans (now called as Muslim) but no practices was notable like Muhammadans. He written that these Muhammadan Ghosis were constituted in Nimar and they called themselves as a Gaddi, now Gaddi is different caste of Muslim and but earlier it was converted from Ahir same as Ghosi.

As the Ghosis of the northern Districts of the Central Provinces are mostly descended or immigrants from northern India, it would appear that they must have changed their religion from Hindu to muslim, or they must have been exploited from the dominant people there , when it was no longer the dominant faith of the locality in which they lived. Move to other place (Russel, 1991)

Religion and belief

The Ghosi community are Muslim by faith and belong to the Sunni sect of Islam. Like other Muslims, they adhere to the Five Pillars of their faith – recital of the creed, prayer five times a day, fasting, almsgiving and pilgrimage. The all-important creed is there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah. Fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset for thirty consecutive days during the holy month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar when the archangel Gabriel is believed to have recited the Quran to Prophet Muhammad. They observe festivals like Id-ul-Zuha or Bakr Id (feast commemorating Abraham’s sacrifice during which a goat is slaughtered), Bara Wafat (Prophet Muhammad’s birthday), and Id-ul-Fitr (Feast of Alms).

The main places of pilgrimage are Mecca which has the Ka’aba mosque, considered the holiest Islamic shrine, and Medina (City of the Prophet, where his tomb lies) in Saudi Arabia.

Ghosi community is indigenous in nature and has converted from the Hindu Ahir. So this community also has features, culture and customs of Hindu from beginning. Now things are improving and slowly people are


Urdu is most common and their first language but they are also fluent in Hindi. In Rajasthan they speak a blend of Urdu and Hindi, while in Bihar they speak a local Indo-Aryan language called Sadri. They are also very fluent in local regional language of their respective areas.


Ghosi community is well known community throughout the northern states of Uttar Pradesh and present in every district of the State. This community scattered all over India and they live mostly in every states of India. In Delhi Ghosi lived in heart of city, particularly along border between Old Delhi and New Delhi. In Rajasthan, the Ghosi are found in pink city (Jaipur) including Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, sikar areas. In few district of Bihar, J&K, Uttrakhand, Gujarat, In some part of different states they are also known as Gujjar Ghosi. Ghosi community is not only found in India but also in some part of Pakistan. Ghosi community mostly resides in town and urban areas.


The Ghosi community marry within their community and some time they also followed sijra (gotra ) system. Marriages are arranged for them by family members. Marriages between closely related persons are frequently permitted and it is common for cousins to marry. They believe in both monogamy and polygamy, though sanctioned by Islam, is rare. Widows do not wear red glass bangles unless they have remarried. Dowry is given to the bridegroom’s family in cash and household goods. The average Ghosi family is restricted to a smaller unit of parents with their children, with only a few choosing to stay as extended families. After the father’s death, the eldest son succeeds as the head of the family and the parental property is divided equally among sons only. Women of this community are almost equal to men. They do housework, work to earn a living by preparing dairy products for sale as ghee (clarified butter), paneer (cottage cheese) and yoghurt. A few of the women work as laborers for making Dunk cake. They are praying at home instead. The Ghosi have an oral tradition of folk songs and folk tales and are fond of music and dance.

The Ghosi in earlier time have a council made of a selected leader and five members but recently it has been reduced . The council or Panchayat is not very active in states like Delhi. In Rajasthan they meet four times a year and exists to initiate social reform and resolve internal disputes.

Life and livelihood

Their basic livelihood is from traditional cultivation, milking process and milking related product. In recent time most of them have left their traditional work of milking because low return and because of government apathy in policy. The Government policy of keeping the cattle away from city for beauty has been disastrous for the community. And secondly promotion of other packaged milk products. Now men of this community are moving towards other livelihoods options. Women were largely involved in making dunk cake but because of changing pattern in their livelihood they moved to household work completely. in recent arena the participation of Ghosi has increased in education and in govt job but it is very negligible.

Our Vision

Create supportive and diverse social development, upliftment of Ghosi community through which people can exercise empowerment, inclusion and dignity.

Our Mission

Accelerating continuous improvement in areas of Education, employment, culture, health, enterprise and other activities by which Ghosi community becomes a progressive community
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